Strengthening the Implementation of the Integrated Results Based Management   system in Zimbabwe           


 Zimbabwe’s development trajectory is guided by the blue print known as the Zimbabwe Agenda for Sustainable Socio-Economic Transformation (Zim Asset): 2013-2018. The blue print is underpinned by the Integrated Results Based Management (IRBM) system. The Integrated Results Based Management is a methodology/tool that is being used by the Government to reform and modernize the entire public sector (Central Government, Parastatals and State Enterprises as well as Local Authorities). Government is also using the Rapid Results Approach (RRA) as a methodology to upscale and accelerate the pace of public sector reforms and modernization agenda.


Definition of IRBM and RRA:

a)     IRBM is a modern management approach by which organizations ensure that their institutions, systems and processes are fully geared for achievement of tangible and positive development results to improve the people’s livelihoods.

b)    RRA is a complimentary IRBM tool which is used by organisations to breakdown long term projects into smaller components that can be implemented over a short period of time, usually on a 100 days’cycle. This ensures that the organisation manages to achieve tangible results even in an environment of limited fiscal space. Government has been implementing the Integrated Results Based Management since 2005.  The RRA was adopted by Government in 2014 as part of the accelerated implementation of the ZimASSET.


What are the Integrated Results Based Management System’s Success stories?

Despite the challenges that are being faced by the country, the Government has been able to register tremendous progress by implementing the IRBM system. The following are some of the achievements:

a)     Re-engineering the Government system to manage for development results:

Since the adoption of the IRBM system, a lot of capacity building programmes have been implemented by the Government throughout the public sector. Through the adoption of IRBM, Ministries, Departments and Agencies have been able to produce the following documents:

}  Ministry Integrated Performance Agreements;

}  Departmental Integrated Performance Agreements;

}  Departmental Work and Performance Monitoring Plans;

}  Departmental Quarterly Performance Reports;

}  IRBM Compliant Client Service Charters;

}  IRBM Compliant Strategic Plans; and

}  Programme Based Budgeting (PBB): it is being piloted in three ministries with six more ministries being added in 2016.

b)    IRBM Compliant Socio-Economic Blue Print (ZimASSET: 2013-2018):

The ZimASSET has been written in a format that clearly articulates and shows the broad results to be achieved. The blue print clearly states the Key Result Areas, Goals, the Outputs and Outcomes to be achieved hence making it easy to monitor and evaluate performance.


c)     National Monitoring and Evaluation Policy

Using the Rapid Results Approach, the National Monitoring and Evaluation Policy was formulated within 100 days and launched in 2015. The policy will provide a legal and administrative architecture for strengthening the Monitoring and Evaluation system.

Ease of Doing Business Reforms

As part of the broader reforms and modernisation agenda to improve the performance of the public sector and service delivery to the citizens and investors (local and foreign), Government has incorporated the Ease of Doing Business to be part of the reform package;

The Ease of Doing Business reforms’ main objective is to improve the investment climate in Zimbabwe by addressing the institutional, administrative and legislative challenges that affect local and foreign investment;

The Ease of Doing Business reforms are geared at reviewing the Companies’ Act and associated legislation such as the Local Authorities By Laws to make them investor friendly.

In the past, Zimbabwe has not performed very well on the Ease of Doing Business  ranking, achieving number 171 out of 189 in the 2015 rankings and  number 155 out of 189 in the 2016 rankings. It is hoped that through the ease of Doing Business Reforms, Zimbabwe’s ranking will improve in future. The Ease of Doing Business reforms are being implemented over a period of 100 days. These reforms are a result of H.E. the President, Cde. R.G. Mugabe’s directive during the State of the Nation Address in August 2015, to reform the investment climate in Zimbabwe.

The Ease of Doing Business is being implemented by five Thematic Working Groups (TWG), which are as follows:

a)     Starting a Business and Protecting Minority Investors. This was previously known as the Starting a Business TWG;

b)     Enforcing Contracts and Resolving Insolvency. The TWG was previously known as Protecting Minority Investors and Enforcing Contracts;

c)     Getting Credit TWG. The TWG was previously known as the Getting Credit and Resolving Insolvency;

d) Paying Taxes and Trading Across Borders; and

e)  Construction Permits and Registering Property.


Milestone achieved on the Ease of Doing Business Reforms

  • Cabinet Principles for more than 8 pieces of legislation,  by-laws and regulations have been drafted, whilst various administrative processes within Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies are been streamlined;
  • Proposed amendments to various pieces of legislation have been made and these include the Companies Act, Shop Licensing Act,  and a review of the Town and Country Planning Act;
  • New Bills have also been drafted on Insolvency, Movable Property Securities Interest, Commercial Court Bill to permit expeditious settlement of commercial disputes; and the amendment to the Companies Act; and
  • An MoU was signed to consolidate the processes of paying taxes at ZIMRA by ZIMDEF and NSSA through the adoption of a Single Window Tax Payment System to reduce the time taken by business people in making these payments to various agencies.





Parastatals and State Enterprises Reforms

Government embarked on State Enterprises and Parastatals Reforms after noting a significant decline of the sector’s contribution to Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from above 40% to less than 16% in 2013. The successful implementation of the policy is anticipated to bring transparency and accountability as well as enhance productivity. Government identified 10 strategic entities namely Zimbabwe Power Company (ZPC), Zimbabwe National Water Authority (ZINWA), National Railways of Zimbabwe (NRZ), Telone, Air Zimbabwe, Grain Marketing Board (GMB), Agricultural and Rural Development Authority (ARDA), Civil Aviation Authority of Zimbabwe CAAZ), Cold Storage Company (CSC) and Industrial Development Corporation of Zimbabwe (IDC) for prioritised attention, as the first phase of the reform process.


Furthermore, there has been significant progress in terms of the forensic auditing, the development of strategic options for turn-around and the identification of potential strategic or joint venture partners for key entities, where such an option has been approved by Cabinet.


Government has also intensified its focus on addressing corporate governance deficiencies within the Public Entities and a number of initiatives have already been taken which include Government’s  2010 Corporate  Governance Framework, Cabinet- approved Principles of Corporate Governance (March 2014) and the Zimbabwe National Code of Corporate Governance (April 2015).


Special Economic Zones


The establishment of Special Economic Zones (SEZs) policy, which is now at advanced stage, is putting in place regulations and measures that are conducive to foreign direct investment. Investors operating in the zones are provided with a business operating environment that is friendly, promotes industrial growth, transfer of technologies and employment creation among others. The ultimate goal of establishing SEZs is to boost investment and promote exports in order to realize economic growth and sustainable development.







12TH -13TH Floor

48 Samora Machel Avenue

Harare, Zimbabwe

Telephone:     General Lines +263 4 707993/707858

                        Direct Lines +263 4 706845/797271/764541